Dutch Assessment System
The assessment system in the Netherlands consists of marks from 1 (very bad) to 10 (outstanding). The marks 1 to 3, 9 and 10 are seldom given. A minimum score of 6 is required to pass a course. For marks with one decimal point, 5.5 is the minimum passing mark. For the programme as a whole, an average mark of 8.25 or higher entitles the student to a result with cum laude (with distinction).
Results on the list of marks acquired elsewhere that result in an exemption for a course in the examination programme are shown as VR (Dutch for exemption) or VD (course completed) to indicate that the requirements have been met without a mark having been given.