Dr. S.I. Scagliola (Stef)
Background in Digital Humanities
Dr. Stef Scagliola is a historian specialized in digital audiovisual archives, with an emphasis on oral history collections. From 2006-2011 she was the coordinator of an oral history project conducted at the Netherlands Institute for Veterans which resulted in the first large scale ‘digital born’ interview collection in the Netherlands. It consists of more then 1000 life-history interviews from among a representative sample of Dutch war- and military mission veterans. See for an outline of the project in English. The unrestricted part of the collection is freely accessible online, the restricted part can be accessed in a password controlled environment through Data Archiving Networked Services (DANS).
Through the development of the infrastructure for generating, structuring and providing differentiated access to this data she became involved in various ICT-projects which aim at developing adequate tools and data standards for researchers who work with audiovisual archives. Together with DANS and the Center for Speech Technology of the University of Nijmegen, the multidisciplinary enhanced publication Wat Veteranen Vertellen was developed, consisting of digital texts enriched with links to audio-fragments (see explanation). Another innovation by this team was: The Oral History Annotation Tool, which uses speech retrieval for searching the archive and offers the possibility to add and share annotations to fragments of the interviews.
Because of her understanding of the tension between challenges for ICT-researchers and engrained social practices among scholars in the humanities and social sciences, she has developed into an intermediate between the two realms. She is therefore regularly invited as an advisor in projects implementing e-humanities.
Background in War- Studies and Oral History
Stef Scagliola graduated cum laude at the Faculty of History and Arts of the Erasmus University Rotterdam (At present Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication) in 1996 and received the Jan Romein award for contemporary history for her master thesis. At the same faculty she conducted a PhD research from 1997 to 2002, resulting in the dissertation: 'Burden of War, Coming to term with Dutch War Crimes in Indonesia’ . This study was shortlisted for the ICODO Award in 2002. Hear her lecture on 'Last van de oorlog' here.
With regard to historical topics she is specialized in oral history, military cultures and the way societies come to terms with historical injustices. See lecture in English on oral military history.
She was also engaged in research around the civil case filed by Indonesian widows from Rawagedeh against the Dutch state for a war crime committed by Dutch military during the Indonesian/Dutch decolonization war between 1945 and 1949. See lecture on the dynamics of the remembrance of Rawagedeh In the Netherlands and Indonesia.
As a researcher at the ESHCC and the Erasmus Studio she is involved in the projects AXES, CroMe and BihMe. For the first project, aimed at applying innovative search technology in audiovisual archives, she contributes to the design of usability studies for scholarly users. In addition to this she will develop a training course for searching digital audiovisual archives. For the other projects, that consist of a series of collections of video-life stories interviews with victims of war and detention in former-Yugoslavia, she is an advisor on the methodology of process generated oral history and is responsible for designing a multidisciplinary research agenda.
S. Scagliola, The Dutch Veterans Interview Project: recognition and attention in exchange for valuable information. In: Interuniversitary Seminar on Armed Forces and Society , 21-23 October 2011, Chicago. (Link)
F. de Jong, R. Ordelman, Stef Scagliola, Audio-visual Collections and the User Needs of Scholars in the Humanities. In: Proceedings of Supporting Digital Humanties 2011, Copenhagen.
H. van den Berg, S. Scagliola, F. Wester (eds.), Wat veteranen vertellen, verschillende perspectieven op biografische interviews over ervaringen tijdens militaire operaties, Amsterdam University Press, 2010.
S.Scagliola, 'Interviews met veteranen als historische bron; de meerwaarde van oral history in de context van de krijgsmacht’, in: Van der Berg (eds) 2010
S.Scagliola, ‘Just ask them!Said the oral historian’; over vanzelfsprekendheden in kwalitatief sociaalwetenschappelijk onderzoek’, in: ˆKwalon, tijdschrift voor kwalitatief onderzoek’,nr 1, 6 2011.
S. Scagliola, Speech retrieval for Interview Data; Technology Push or Academic Demand, In: Proceedings Searching Spontaneous Conversational Speech; workshop at ACM Multimedia 2010. Florence.
Heuvel, H. van den , R. van Horik, E. Sanders, S. Scagliola and Witkamp P. 2010. The VeteranTapes: Research Corpus, Fragment Processing Tool, Enhanced Publications for the e- Humanities. 2010. In: Proceedings of the 7th Conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'10) DOI=http://www.lrec- conf.org/proceedings/lrec2010/summaries/328.html
S. Scagliola, Silence and Myth; The complexity of coming to terms with the Indonesian decolonization war against Dutch military forces (1945-1949). In: The European Review of History, June 2007.
S.Scagliola, ‘Het belang van de verhalen van Mars voor de kennis van Clio; over de plaats van Oral History in het (post)-militaire bedrijf’, in: Kwalitatief interviewen – kunst en kunde, J. Evers (eds). August 2007.
S.Scagliola, ‘Hoe slachtoffers daders ongrijpbaar maken. Het Indië-trauma, van medische naar publieke betekenis, in: Icodo-info, tijdschrift over gevolgen van oorlog en geweld, jrg.20, nr.1, juni 2003.
S.Scagliola, Last van de oorlog; de Nederlandse oorlogsmisdaden in Indonesië en hun verwerking.Handelseditie proefschrift Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Balans, oktober 2002.