Panel 5: European Foreign Policy: 10 years after the Treaty of Amsterdam
The entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam and the parallel Cologne European Council (spring 1999) marked a milestone in the history of European foreign policy. In Amsterdam the member states created the political position of the EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and they established of a whole range of analytical supporting foreign policy bodies. During the Cologne European Council, they launched the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). These developments dramatically changed the conduct of European foreign policy. Whereas before 1999, CFSP was mainly a declaratory exercise, it now also gained an operational dimension. Becoming active in the field of crisis management, the EU engaged in civilian and military operations, not only nearby in the Balkans but also in Africa and the Far East. This panel aims to take stock of the last ten years of European foreign policy, look at the empirical and theoretical state of the art and discuss the major challenges for the (near) future.
For questions on this panel – such as the suitability of particular paper proposals – please contact Hylke Dijkstra (h.dijkstra@). politics.unimaas.nl
Connection to NIG sub-research theme: Beyond the Nation-State
When it comes to issues such as foreign, security and defence policy, states are generally seen as the key actors in international relations. For a long time, scholars within the discipline of international relations could discount the activities taking place in the context of European foreign policy as of little actual relevance. With European foreign policy, however, becoming ever more important – partially as a result of the Amsterdam Treaty and the Cologne European Council – such a view becomes increasingly difficult to uphold. European foreign policy, in this respect, presents a challenge to the traditional notion of the nation-state and to the state-centered approaches in international relations.