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Reference managers

Using a reference manager (also known as bibliographical software or citation management tool) can be very useful for your research:

  • It helps you manage the literature you find: you can add keywords and create folders with literature on a particular subject. Some reference managers allow you to store the actual pdf-files of articles, so you have them all in one place.
  • You can use it to create reference lists and in-text citations in different styles, like the APA-style or the Chicago-style.
  • Some reference managers allow you to share your references with other researchers.

We advise you to spend some time to decide if you are going to use a reference manager and which one you are going to use. There are a number of reference managers available. This is a small selection:   


  • RefWorks is a web-based reference manager. It is free of charge available for students and researchers of the EUR. To use RefWorks, you have to create an account yourself. The University Library offers support, by offering an online course and a monthly workshop. You can also request a tailored workshop.


  • EndNote is reference manager you have to install on your computer. Researchers of the Erasmus MC can buy EndNote at a friendly price at SurfSpot, other employees of the EUR have to buy EndNote themselves. The Medical Library offers support.


  • Mendeley is a reference manager and an academic social network. It's especially useful to manage pdf-files saved on your computer, because it creates a fully searchable database of your papers. You can download this program for free.
    This reference manager has also other possibilities, for example on the homepage of Research Matters you can find an RSS feed from the Mendeley database of Wilfred Mijnhardt of ERIM (called 'Updates from the field').


  • Zotero is a Firefox-extension. It's a part of the web-browser, which means that it only works in Firefox. You can download this program for free.

An extensive overview of bibliographical software can be found here

References and citations
An online course of the University Library about referencing in general, with examples of APA, Chicago, Harvard and MLA styles.