Gender, sex, and gender identity

Equality dimensions

The EUR sees sex and gender as different concepts. Whereas sex refers to biological characteristics (e.g., genes, hormones, genitals), gender has a social, cultural and personal meaning, which expresses itself in a gender identity or gender expression.

There are many different gender identities. For instance, some people are cisgender, which means that their biological sex corresponds with their gender identity. For other people, their biological sex does not match their gender. For instance, some people are transgender. Someone who is transgender might identify themselves with the opposite binary sex, but they can also be non-binary. Non-binary means that you do not identify with either of the binary (male or female) sexes. Furthermore, there are non-binary people who do not identify as trans. People can also be genderfluid, which means their gender identity fluctuates over time. Beside these gender identities there are many other, such as gender queer, agender, or bigender. It is also possible to have multiple gender identities, or to prefer not to use labels at all.

The EUR believes that everyone should feel free and safe to discover and express their identity in a way that feels good and appropriate, without fearing negative consequences. To make this possible, for example, it is important not to make any assumptions about the gender identity of the people around us, and to always use the name and pronouns that a person indicates to have. Provisions should also be made to support trans people who decide to medically transition.

External Networks and Resources

These are relevant external networks and resources concerning gender identity, expression and reassignment.



  • COC: An interest group for LGBTI people in the Netherlands.
  • Expreszo: Website for people up to 25 years old with news, chat options and articles.
  • Gay and School: Website with practical information around sexual diversity in education. School boards, teachers and students can find information, education materials, book lists and policy information here.
  • Homo en handicap: For gay people with a disability.
  • LNBI: An interest group for bisexual people.
  • Roze gebaar: For LHBT’s with hearing problems.


  • I-psy LHBTI-poli Amsterdam: focuses on LGBTI migrants, expats and refugees with psychological problems.
  • Prisma Groep: Dutch organisation for bicultural and/or Muslim LGBTQI+ (incl. refugees).
  • Regenbooghulp: For help around homosexuality and gender identity with religion.


  • Colour Ground: Online meeting place for LGBT youth with different cultural background.
  • Mil Colores: For LBT woman of color (adults).
  • Respect2Love: A community for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth with a bicultural background.
  • Out&Abroad: The organisation for Chinese LGBTQIA+ in the Netherlands.

Faith Based

  • Beit Ha’Chidush (BHC): A LGBT-friendly independent modern Jewish community for everyone with a Jewish background.
  • CHJC: An association for Christian LGB people.
  • Contrario: An association for Christian lesbians and homosexuals.
  • Netwerk Mirre: For lesbian and bisexual women who are interested in religion ans spirituality.
  • Stichting Maruf: Organisation that gives queer muslims a voice. They have projects that promote social acceptance and awareness of sexual and gender diversity in religious communities. They also offer support to queer muslims who struggle with their faith.


Movisie is a research institute for the social domain. They translate scientific research to practical policy advice. Their website is mostly in Dutch, but a nice source for information. They also offer an academy with modules to follow to learn more about how to support LGBT people. Here is an overview of some of their pieces on LGBT+ issues: external external external external external


Compare @count study programme

  • @title

    • Duration: @duration
Compare study programmes