Research at Erasmus University is carried out in the faculties and in research schools, research institutes and research centres. Research is grouped into domains. Within these domains, research is conducted by full professors, associate professors, assistant professors, postdocs, visiting scholars, visiting professors, doctorate students and junior researchers.

Apart from the research funding linked to an appointment to one of the above positions at Erasmus University Rotterdam, other large funding agencies are the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and the European Union via Senter. Important academic information is available from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW).