Title of research: International Tax Law aspects of Foreign States and their Sovereign Wealth Funds.
Promotor: Prof. A.J.A. Stevens
In recent years, cross-border investment activity involving States has increased, and often occurs through State-owned special purpose investment funds, also known as Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs). SWFs are either established as legal entities separate from the State or as a pool of assets without a separate legal identity. With total assets under management estimated at USD 5.2 trillion as per January 2013, SWFs are recognised as important players in the international financial market. The rise of SWFs in recent years has raised a number of questions in the field of international taxation. This research focuses on international direct tax aspects related to foreign States and their SWFs from the perspective of the investment-receiving State. It examines questions related to the application of the existing framework of bilateral tax treaties as well as to the customary international law principle of sovereign immunity. The research also touches upon international tax policy questions related to SWFs.
Richard is a researcher and lecturer in the tax law department of Erasmus School of Law, as well as a tax advisor at PwC. Richard has published in Dutch and international tax journals.