EU Research Projects
Access to civil justice is of paramount importance for enforcing the rights of consumers and businesses and protecting fundamental rights. Key issues in the current efforts to improve access to justice at the EU and national level are the digitisation of procedures (including the use of AI), the privatisation of justice (ADR), increasing self-representation, and court specialisation.
The project investigates how these trends influence access to justice in selected, representative Member States, and what the repercussions are for the emerging EU civil justice system. Five jurisdictions identified for this project are Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, and the United Kingdom (England and Wales). However, horizons are broadened by looking beyond these five countries and outside of Europe. Legal-normative and comparative law research are combined with empirical research, which helps in testing and revising ideas.
The project is fully financed by the European Research Council under its ERC Consolidator scheme (ERC Consolidator Grant n° 726032). The project runs from 1 September 2017 until 1 September 2022.
EU Trade and Investment Policy (EUTIP)
International trade and investment are of considerable economic and political importance for Europe. The EU is negotiating trade agreements globally, involving the abolition of tariffs, the reduction of non-tariff barriers and the introduction of dispute settlement mechanisms. However, the example of the controversial Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the USA has shown the challenges of EU trade policy.
The objective of EUTIP is to foster interdisciplinary research into the evolving international trade policy of the European Union (EU) with a view to create a significantly increased European knowledge base and research capacity on EU law and policy of the regulation of international trade through free trade agreements.
The project runs from 1 April 2017 till 31 March 2021.
Digital Governance (DIGOV)
The Digital Governance project (DIGOV) asks which rules and norms are needed to enable Big Data and Artificial Intelligence to fully support our individual and societal interests. To that aim DIGOV organises international conferences, a visiting scholar programme, policy consultations and builds up an open teaching platform. DIGOV is also the name of the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence that has been awarded by the European Commission to Erasmus School of Law, in conjunction with the Law School of the University of Leeds (UK) and the Law School of Bar-Ilan University (Israel). The centre has started on 1 September 2019 and will be funded for three years within the framework of Jean Monnet Actions of the European Union.
Transfer of Criminal Proceedings (TROP)
TROP – 881815
This project is a collaboration between the Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), the Dutch Ministry of Justice and Security (MIN OF JUSTICE), the University of Bielefeld (UNIBI) and the Belgian Federal Public Service for Justice (FOD JUSTITIE).
This research project will provide policy makers and legislators with a clear view and an in depth analysis of the current practice of the transfer of criminal proceedings in the EU, as an essential instrument for cooperation in criminal matters. In addition it will provide shared, cross checked (by scholars and policy makers) proposals for improvement, based on the experience and visions of practitioners.
Working, Yet Poor (WorkYP)
The project Working and Yet Poor (WorkYP) is focused on the increasing social trend of working people at risk or below the poverty line. The Consortium will devote its research to explore the reasons of such phenomenon and elaborate recommendations to the EU and MSs legislators, to enhance the goals proclaimed in the European Pillar of Social Rights. The WorkYP Project will analyse seven representative Countries (Sweden, Italy, The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, and Poland), selected on the basis of their geographical area, as well as their different social systems and legal orders. In each such Country, the WorkYP Project has identified four clusters of particularly Vulnerable and Underrepresented Persons (VUP Groups), which disadvantaged conditions impede full enjoyment of EU citizenship. Attenuating divergent trends across Europe will effectively prevent the risk of social dumping and reduce economic shocks. Only tackling vertically, the vulnerabilities of VUPs and attenuating inequalities across diverging regimes will grant EU citizens, mostly those who do not circulate, regaining confidence in public governance and substantiating their citizenry’s status.
The project runs from 1 February 2020 till 31 January 2023
Informed Choices in Cross-Border Enforcement (IC2BE)
'Informed Choices in Cross-Border Enforcement' (IC2BE) is an international research project on Cross-Border Litigation in the European Union. The project started on 1 January 2018 and is a follow-up of the successful EUPILLAR project (2014-2016). The project is financed by the EU under the Civil Justice Programme 2014-2020 and has been completed in December 2019.
The project was conducted by a consortium coordinated by the University of Freiburg im Breisgau, the other members of the consortium being the Max-Planck-Institute Luxembourg, the University of Antwerp, the University of Madrid (Complutense), the University of Milan, the University of Rotterdam, and the University of Wroclaw.
The project examined the functioning of the rules and practices governing the cross-border enforcement of civil judgments in Europe. Its overall objective is the further development of the judicial cooperation in civil matters, which forms part of the objectives of the Civil Justice Programme 2014-2020. To that end, the IC2BE project screened the regulatory civil justice framework of the EU and the relevant case-law of national courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in matters of cross-border enforcement of judgments. The findings of the project partners have been included in a free access database free access database on national and European case law.
EU Law and Taxation of the Dutch Caribbean Overseas Countries and Territories (EU TDCO)
The project will explore the tax policy implications in case the Dutch Caribbean Islands would opt to become an Outermost Region (OR). The research will include establishing the territorial scope of application of EU law, examine the application of EU State aid law and its enforcement in tax matters, present an overview of the legal possibilities of EU to influence tax law – all with regard to these territories. Moreover, the research will discuss the possible effect of Brexit for the OCTs, inclusion, sustainability and cohesion policy in the EU and how it will influence the OCTs and ORs, the future of the Cotonou Partnership Agreement, the EU funding and the future EU-OCT Partnership. Research outcomes will be exchanged with policy stakeholders and practitioners and published before a broad audience at an International Conference in Curacao and several open access publications will be initiated.