Onze projecten

China Law Centre

Onze focus ligt op de volgende vier hoofdthema's:

  1. Ontwikkeling van nieuwe wetten 
    Hierbij wordt het juridische systeem geanalyseerd, samen met de behoefte aan hervorming. Ook wordt aandacht besteed aan de verbetering van het strafrechtelijk systeem, administratief en civielrechtelijke geschillen, en het balanceren van de relatie tussen rechtbanken en buitengerechtelijke organen;
  2. Globalisatie en de impact op het Chinese rechtssysteem
    De focus ligt hierbij op het adopteren en implementeren van internationale beginselen, regels en waarden in de Chinese nationale rechtsorde. Het onderwerp behelst zowel publiek recht als handelsrecht;
  3. Handels- en investeringsrelatie tussen de Europese Unie en China
    Dit onderwerp gaat over de EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment. Diverse deelgebieden komen naar voren, zoals het rechtsvergelijkende onderzoek naar de screening van directe buitenlandse investeringen in China, de EU en verder, het beschermen van intellectueel eigendom en de benadering van de EU en China voor de hervorming van de geschillenbeslechting tussen investeerders en staten;
  4. Ontwikkeling van rechten en economie
    Het gaat hierbij over de rol die rechten speelt in het faciliteren van duurzame economische ontwikkeling, het verbeteren van milieubescherming, het stimuleren van efficiënt energiegebruik, het maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen en anti-corruptieactiviteiten en de betrokkenheid en bijdrage van China aan de millenniumdoelstellingen voor ontwikkeling en de Wereldhandelsorganisaties.

Ons huidige ontwikkelingsproject

EU-China Wettelijke en Juridische Samenwerking (EUPLANT)

Sinds September 2018 wordt het project ‘EU-China Wettelijke en Juridische Samenwerking (EUPLANT)’ gefinancierd door de Erasmus + Jean Monnet Network. Geleid door de Queen Mary University of Londen, het tijdelijke samenwerkingsbestand bestaat verder uit King’s College London, the University of Leuven, Bologna University, Tsinghua University, Beijing Normal University, City University of Hong Kong en Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Van Erasmus School of Law zijn Prof. Yuwwen Li, Prof. Fabian Amtenbrink, Prof. Michael Faure en Dr Cheng Bian leden van het project.

Gedurende de volgende drie jaar vervult EUPLANT drie onderzoeksdoelen. Als eerste is het gericht op de historische verbanden tussen Europese rechtssystemen en het Chinese rechtssysteem. Er wordt hierbij gefocust op de sterke invloed van Europese juridische tradities op het Chinese rechtssysteem. Ten tweede tracht EUPLANT de successen en mislukkingen van internationalisatie van EU-normen, standaarden en processen te ontrafelen. Ook worden concrete casussen van legale transplantatie tussen de EU en het Chinese rechtssysteem behandeld. Als laatste wordt gefocust op de uitdagingen van en vooruitzichten voor samenwerking tussen EU-lidstaten en China op gebied van strafrecht dat meerdere juridische dimensies vereist, wederzijdse herkenning kent, en samenwerkingsverbanden voor uitlevering vereist. De nadruk wordt hierbij gelegd op de risico’s voor mensenrechten wanneer samengewerkt wordt.

Hieronder vind je een overzicht van al onze afgeronde projecten (in het Engels).

From 2017 to 2019, the China Exchange Program of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) funded the ECLC for the research project ‘Reforming the Investor-State Dispute Settlement System: European and Chinese Perspectives’, a collaboration between the Erasmus School of Law and Wuhan University School of Law. 

The two-year project was led by Prof. Yuwen Li and Prof. Tong Qi from Wuhan University. Other project members from the Erasmus School of Law included Prof. Michael Faure, Prof. Martijn Scheltema, and Dr Cheng Bian. With a focus on the EU’s proposal for a multilateral investment court, this project aimed to stimulate and present innovative ideas by European and Chinese experts concerning the China-EU Comprehensive Agreement on Investment, so as to make an academic contribution to the reform of investor-state arbitration. As a result, two international conferences were successfully held at Wuhan University in 2017 and at EUR in 2018; and an edited volume titled: China, the EU and International Investment Law: Reforming Investor-State Dispute Settlement edited by Yuwen Li, Tong Qi, and Cheng Bian was published by Routledge in 2019.

Since 2001, ECLC director Yuwen Li has, on behalf of the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights, Utrecht University, initiated and implemented the following joint projects with Chinese institutions. These projects were funded by the Dutch Embassy in Beijing under the Rule of Law Programme.

In November 2010 the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Beijing approved the project of Research on Theory and Practice concerning the Reform of the Administrative Litigation System in China. The project proposal was submitted jointly by the Law School of Wuhan University and ESL of EUR. The project lasted for three years and was implemented by the Centre for Protection of the Rights of Disadvantaged Citizens (CPRDC) of Wuhan University and the Erasmus China Law Centre of Erasmus School of Law.

Goals of this project:

  1. Establishing and managing legal aid centres specializing in handling administrative litigation cases in six Chinese universities;
  2. Conducting empirical research on enforcement of the Administrative Litigation Law in China;
  3. Organizing an international conference: comparing Chinese and European administrative litigation systems;
  4. Organizing a training course on ‘skills in handling administrative litigation cases’ for lawyers;
  5. A Chinese delegation’s visit to the Netherlands and other European countries;
  6. Publication of three books on the judicial practice of administrative litigation in China and Europe;
  7. Conduct research work on administrative litigation system in the Netherlands, Germany, the UK, and France.

The project was a cooperation with the Case Study Committee of the China Law Society to provide a number of training courses on international human rights law for Chinese lawyers, and to create for Chinese lawyers a website on human rights and the rule of law. The project lasted from July 2008 to August 2010. Approximately 180 lawyers followed the training courses.

In cooperation with the China University of Politics and Law, this project ran from May 2005 to February 2009. The project addressed the increasingly deteriorating situation in China with regard to disadvantaged groups in the labour market, such as women, people with disabilities, HIV/AIDS carriers, and migrant workers. The project’s activities focused on draft legislation on equal treatment and stimulated a judicial review of cases of unequal treatment. A number of books were published in Chinese as well as the English-language book Taking Employment Discrimination Seriously: Chinese and European Perspectives, edited by Yuwen Li and Jenny Goldschmidt, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden, 2009, 306 pp. 5

In cooperation with the Supreme People’s Procuratorate of China (SPP), the project aimed to increase Chinese prosecutors’ knowledge and understanding of the significance of the protection of human rights in the judicial process and to facilitate the process of building an independent, fair, transparent, and efficient criminal justice system. This initial two-year project started in 2001 and was extended from November 2004 to June 2008. Approximately 3000 prosecutors followed the training courses organised under this project.

This project was in cooperation with the Central Institute for Correctional Police of China (CICP, affiliated to the Ministry of Justice), and aimed to increase the awareness and capacity of correctional officers in protecting the human rights of offenders during the course of rehabilitation. The duration of the project was from November 2004 to June 2008. The project has provided training courses for more than 400 judicial officers working in Chinese prisons and has published Handbook on Offender Human Rights Protection (translated and published in China), Making Standards Work, and Imprisonment Today and Tomorrow.

In collaboration with the Ministry of Civil Affairs in China, two training courses were organised in Beijing in 2006. One course was for civil servants working in NGO administration departments; the other was for managers of Chinese NGOs.

In collaboration with the National Judges College of the Supreme People’s Court. It focused on training Chinese judges in judicial ethics and trial systems in European countries. Judges and professors from the Netherlands, Germany, France and the United Kingdom were invited to take part in the training courses. The project ran from 2002 to 2005.

Hieronder vind je een overzicht van onze publicaties vanaf 2019 (in het Engels). 

Y. Li, The Notion and Development of International Investment CourtOpens external, in J. Chaisse, L. Choukroune, and S. Jusoh (eds.), Handbook of International Investment Law and Policy (Singapore: Springer, 2020), pp. 1-21.

Y. Li and C. Bian, China’s Stance on Investor‑State Dispute Settlement: Evolution, Challenges, and Reform OptionsOpens externalNetherlands International Law Review, Vol. 67 Issue 3 (2020), pp. 503-551.

C. Bian, National Security Review of Foreign Investment: A Comparative Legal Analysis of China, the United States and the European UnionOpens external (London: Routledge, 2020).

C. Bian, China’s Foreign Investment Law and Its Implementing Regulations: Promises and PitfallsOpens externalEUPLANT Blog, 10 March 2020.

Y. Li, T. Qi and C. Bian (eds.), China, the EU and International Investment Law: Reforming Investor-State Dispute SettlementOpens external (London: Routledge, 2019).

Y. Li, Nieuwe Chinese Investeringswet: Een strategische zet in schaakspel met de VS?Opens external (China’s New Foreign Investment Law: A Strategic Move in Chess with the US?), Nederlands Juristenblad, Afl. 19 (2019), pp. 1398-1403.

C. Bian, The European Union’s Regulation Screening Foreign Direct Investment: What Implications for Chinese Investors?Opens external EUPLANT Blog, 20 December 2019.

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