Doing (e-)research usually involves assembling a set of tools and technologies to be used, setting up ways of sharing resources of various kinds and establishing communication and collaboration mechanisms. There's a range of services or tools that researchers may make use of in their work. You might want to
- authenticate using an authentication service: who has access to a resource and what they can do with it (authentication and authorization);
- transfer data;
- configure a resource;
- invoke a computation;
- re-use data and give credit to the original producer;
- archive output data and runtime data;
- publish outputs, both informally through blogs or wikis and formally through conference or journal papers;
- discover what resources are available;
- monitor the state of a resource or process;
- maintain awareness of who is doing what;
- find out where particular data has come from and how it was processed (provenance).
For practically all these aspects of the research cycle collaborative tools are available:
Course on Online scholarly collaboration
Online scholarly collaboration in a collaboratory or virtual research environment (VRE) is a relatively new way of working in the social sciences and humanities. How to create your own collaboratory, using Sharepoint software from SURFgroepen as an example. Identify failure and success factors, especially organizational and social factors.