(Xandra) XE Kramer (Xandra) XE Kramer
Full professor Erasmus School of Law Civil Law
Burg. Oudlaan 50, Rotterdam
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Xandra Kramer is professor of Private Law at Erasmus School of Law. She combines this position with a parttime (0,2) professorship in Private International Law at Utrecht University. In addition, she is a Deputy Judge at the District Court of Rotterdam, and member of the advisory board of this court . She was elected member to the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2019. She studied law at Leiden University (cum laude). Her first (student) article was awarded with the Ars Aequi prize (1996). She was assistant professor at Leiden University and obtained her Ph.D. on provisional measures and private international law in 2001. She worked as an assistant and associate professor at Erasmus School of Law and was appointed professor on 1 February 2011.

Xandra conducts research and lectures in the area of civil justice and private international law and has published numerous articles and books in these areas. She is particularly fascinated by the cross-roads between economic efficiency and procedural fairness, the functioning of civil justice systems and its impact on litigants, transnational complex litigation and enforcement, and the harmonisation of EU private international law and civil procedure. Her research combines doctrinal legal research, comparative law, policy-oriented and empirical research.

She was awarded a research fellowship for a project on the harmonisation of civil procedure in the EU by the Board of Erasmus University (2004). In 2010, she was awarded a VIDI-grant by the Dutch Research Council (NWO) for a research on Securing Quality in Cross-Border Enforcement in the EU (2011-2016). In 2016, she obtained an ERC consolidator grant for her project Building EU civil justice: challenges of procedural innovations - bridging access to justice (2017-2022). In 2020, she was awarded a VICI grant by the Dutch Research Council (NWO) for the project Affordable access to justice: challenges of procedural innovations - bridging access to justice (2020-2025). She has been a project leader and has participated in numerous studies for the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice, the European Parliament, and the European Commission, and acts as an expert in the area of innovation of justice, digitisation, and various topics of litigation.

She is a member of the Dutch Royal Society of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), and currently presides the legal science section.

  • Xandra Kramer (2020) - Creation, main principles, and perspectives of the ELI-Unidroit Model
  • Xandra Kramer (2019) - KNAW, domain Behavioural Sciences, Social Sciences and Law (External organisation)
  • Xandra Kramer (2018) - The application of the European law of civil procedure in the dialogue between the CJEU and national courts
  • Xandra Kramer (2018) - The ELI/Unidroit Rules of European Civil Procedure
  • Xandra Kramer (2018) - The work on provisional measures within the ELI-Unidroit project
  • Xandra Kramer (2018) - The EU civil justice agenda and the ELI-Unidroit project on European Rules of Civil Procedure as a model for Europe
  • Xandra Kramer (2018) - Online Dispute Resolution
  • Xandra Kramer (2018) - ODR: Advancing Digital Justice in Europe and some lessons from the Netherlands
  • Xandra Kramer (2018) - Netherlands International Law Review (Journal)
  • Xandra Kramer (2018) - European Law Institute (ELI) and Unidroit (External organisation)

  • Xandra Kramer (2020) - Vici grant 'Affordable Access to Justice: Towards sustainable cost and funding mechanisms for civil litigation in Europe'
  • Xandra Kramer (2017) - ERC Consilidator Grant 'Building EU civil justice: challenges of procedural innovations bridging access to justice'
  • Xandra Kramer & Luxembourg Max Planck Institute (2016) - Evaluation study of national procedural laws and practices under EU consumer law
  • Xandra Kramer & M.J. De Rooij (2016) - The application of Brussels I (recast) in the legal practice of EU Member States (Action Grant European Commission)
  • Xandra Kramer (2010) - Vidi grant 'Securing Quality in Cross-Border Enforcement: Towards European Principles of Civil Procedure? '

National and International Civil Procedu

Year Level
master, master
Course Code

European Private International Law

Year Level
master, master, master, master, master
Course Code

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