The category of structuring contains design tools that allow you to order the data and insights you have acquired. The tools presuppose that you already have data and that you may already have analysed it. Each tool describes a different way of ordering, so each tool makes you look at your data and insights differently. This helps you acquire a three-dimensional understanding of the issue or topic, which allows you to discover fruitful ways forward and to have innovative ideas.

Some general principles apply to each tool within the category of structuring:

  1. Describe the order so you can have it to hand later on in the process.
  2. Go about ordering dynamically, not statically: change, improve and supplement as you go along.
  3. Use the order for your process, but just as much for communication: each tool provides the basis for developing an attractive visual representation that is well suited to reports, presentations and consultations.
  4. Try to combine tools from the category of structuring in order to get a complete and clear picture of the issue.

Journey map

Stakeholder mapping

Mind mapping

Fish-bone diagram

Issue landscape

Causal layered analysis

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