Organisational Environment and Challenging Behaviours in Residents with Intellectual Disabilities: an Ecological Perspective
The use of ecological theory as sensitising framework aids detailed investigation of the organisational environment of specialised disability service organisations for residents with intellectual disabilities who display challenging behaviours. It enabled the identification of relevant aspects at all of the ecological system levels (the onto-, micro-, meso-, exo-, macro- and chronosystem levels).
These ecological system aspects may enhance or limit the prevention and management of residents’ challenging behaviours, and they are directly, or indirectly via staff, linked to residents’ functioning and development. Thus, a holistic view on the prevention and management of challenging behaviours is valuable and necessary for the provision of proper support services to residents with intellectual disabilities.