Countries falling short on children’s rights
KidsRights, the international children’s rights foundation, in collaboration Erasmus School of Economics and the International Institute of Social Studies, has today published the KidsRights Index 2016. The Index is an annually updated global ranking that charts the extent to which countries worldwide adhere to and are equipped to improve the rights of children. This year’s list underlines that, worldwide, countries are falling short on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
KidsRights urges all 163 countries analysed in the Index to increase efforts to combat discrimination against minority groups of children and youth especially. Vulnerable and marginalised children, including refugee children, migrant children, disabled children, street children and indigenous children, are still widely discriminated against. Another area in need of improvement is the much needed cooperation between the state and civil society, which is still underdeveloped in various countries. KidsRights is especially alarmed by the increased threats posed to the safety of children’s rights defenders, journalists and civil society activists. In too many countries such practitioners are being harassed, threatened, abused or jailed.
Moreover, many countries fail in facilitating true child participation. Marc Dullaert, founder and chairman of the KidsRights Foundation, urges countries to do more in this respect: “Not a single one of the 163 countries analysed in the Index achieved the highest possible score on child participation. This means that the views of the 2.2 billion children on this planet are not being heard adequately regarding issues that affect them directly. KidsRights strongly urges all countries to increase efforts to ensure that the views of children are properly respected.”
Norway is the Index’s number one for the second year in a row. Runners up in 2016’s top ten are Portugal, Iceland, Spain, Switzerland, Slovakia, Ireland, France, Finland and Tunisia. Switzerland and Finland have replaced the Netherlands (now 13th) and Sweden (now 14th) respectively in the top ten. Worst performing countries overall in this year’s Index are Guinea, Angola, Lesotho, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Papua New Guinea, Chad, Afghanistan, Central African Republic and Vanuatu.
Mexico (102 -> 37), Jamaica (103 -> 51) and Colombia (123 -> 60) deserve honourable mentions for having risen among the ranks significantly since last year’s Index. These countries score relatively high as they have each done exceptionally well in fostering an enabling environment for children’s rights. Brazil (43 -> 107), the United Arab Emirates (39 -> 78), the Dominican Republic (68 -> 96) and Iraq (120 -> 149) score remarkably poorly compared to 2015 and are urged to do more to foster the rights of their youngest generation.
Prosperity does not always guarantee children’s rights
Interestingly, economically better performing countries are not necessarily doing a better job when it comes to safeguarding the rights of children. Italy (81st), Canada (72nd) and Luxembourg (56th), for example, are urged to improve the infrastructures they have built for children’s rights. These wealthy countries are in a position to invest in children’s rights, but fail to do so sufficiently. Tunisia (10th) and Thailand (21st) on the other hand deserve honourable mentions in that respect. Their high ranking in the Index relative to their economic status is to a large extent due to good performances in cultivating an enabling environment for children’s rights.
The KidsRights Index: why it matters
The Convention on the Rights of the Child is ratified by all of the world’s states but one: the United States of America. The adoption of the Convention 26 years ago marked a crucial step in improving children’s rights worldwide. However, there is still a considerable gap between the good intentions of policymakers and the actual effects policy has on the everyday lives of children.
Although the Index is not a direct tool for monitoring performances of individual countries regarding the SDGs, it does provide crucial insights into what is being done and where countries need to do better to guarantee children’s rights.
FLTR: Philip Hans Franses (Dean Erasmus School of Economics), Kristel Baele (President of the Executive Board Erasmus University Rotterdam), Inge Hutter (Rector International Institute of Social Studies), Marc Dullaert (Chairman of the KidsRights Foundation). Photo: Michelle Muus