Dr Federica Violi is Assistant Professor in International Law at Erasmus School of Law and has previously lectured on International law and EU law at the University of Messina. She received her PhD from the University of Milan. Her thesis is a study on the relationship between permanent sovereignty over natural resources and the phenomenon of land grabbing. She has been visiting research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for International and Comparative Public Law, Heidelberg in 2014 and 2016 and at the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment, Columbia Law School, New York in 2019. Her research interests include due diligence, sovereignty and territoriality, investor-State dispute settlement and investment contracts in natural resources. Besides her academic activities, Federica has worked as a barrister and has served as a trainee at the Permanent Mission of Italy to the UN and other IOs in Geneva, and at the EU Commission (DG Devco) in Brussels.