PhD defence L.M.F.M. (Lama) Elhatow

Climate Change as an Opportunity for Cooperation on the Blue Nile River Basin
Prof.dr. W.A. Hafkamp
Dr. J.J. Bouma
Thursday 2 Feb 2023, 13:00 - 14:30
PhD defence
Senate Hall
Erasmus Building
Campus Woudestein
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L.M.F.M. Elhatow will defend her PhD dissertation on Thursday 2 February 2023, entitled: ’Climate Change as an Opportunity for Cooperation on the Blue Nile River Basin‘.


With the impending doom of climate change, trans-boundary river basins become hotspots for tension, rivalry over resources, and possibilities of ‘water wars’. There is no difference in the Blue Nile River Basin between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan, where there have been decades of tension over water usage. Much of the empirical evidence from literature suggests that along global transboundary river basins, that we are more inclined to move towards cooperation than conflict (Wolf et al. 2003). Add climate change however, into this mix, and the situation becomes that much more complex. With the urgency of climate change, the need to act has become more pressing. The Paris Agreement (2015) on climate change is a distinct indication that once it becomes a matter of urgency, global collective action can take place. Hence, with every crisis, stems an opportunity, and the main hypothesis of this thesis was that climate change can be an opportunity for cooperation on the Blue Nile River Basin. The ultimate goals of this research include a) to propose cooperative arrangements on the Blue Nile, and to b) provide recommendations on how to move towards these collaborations. The methodology examined the relationships among the ‘drivers for action’ as the independent variable on the ‘nature of interactions’ among the states as the dependent variable with climate change as the impetus. The methods selected included document analysis, surveys, and interviews; with validation through triangulation of the data that were obtained. The results were analyzed qualitatively.

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The public defence will begin exactly at 13.00 hrs. The doors will be closed once the public defence starts, latecomers may be able to watch on the screen outside. There is no possibility of entrance during the first part of the ceremony. Due to the solemn nature of the ceremony, we recommend that you do not take children under the age of 6 to the first part of the ceremony.

A live stream link has been provided to the candidate.

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