PhD defence by Libby Leher

The political-development nexus of economic peace in the Middle East: Paris Protocol to the Oslo Accords
PhD student
Friday 26 Apr 2024, 16:00 - 18:00
PhD defence
Spoken Language
Aula B and livestream
International Institute of Social Studies
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Libby Leher

On 26 April 2024, Libby Leher will defend her thesis investigating the conditions under which the benefits of economic interdependency could help overcome the asymmetricity of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and support a sustainable peace in the Middle East.

Her research focuses on the 1993 Oslo I Peace Accord aimed to promote economic development in the Palestinian Occupied Territories by enhancing economic interdependence, as the way forward to overcome the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and achieve a lasting peace. 

As part of the Oslo I Accord, the agreement regulating the interim economic arrangement between Israel and Palestine was signed on 29 April 1994. This agreement, The Protocol on Economic Relations to the Oslo Accords (commonly known as Paris Protocol) established the legal framework of the bilateral economic relations between the conflicting sides, and in many ways regulated the de facto economic regime already in place since the 1967 Occupation into a de jure one.

She presents a pathway to peace through an economic diplomacy framework that incorporates economic interdependence and incentives, and international law, i.e., positive sanctions and international law.

Watch Libby's defence live

PhD defence introduction by Libby Leher

PhD defence introduction by Libby Leher

Doctoral Board


Professor Ruard Ganzevoort

Doctoral dissertation supervisor

Professr Peter van Bergeijk
Professor Nico Schrijver, Leiden University
Dr Binyam Demena

Full Doctoral Committee

  • Dr Sajjad Faraji Dizaji, Tarbiat Modares University
  • Professor Karène Sanchez-Summerer, University of Groningen
  • Professor Jaap de Wilde, University of Groningen
  • Professor Martijn Eickhoff, University of Groningen
  • Professor Emeritus Jan Pronk 
  • Dr Georgina Gomez
  • Dr Elissaios Papyrakis
More information

The ceremony will begin promptly at 16:00 hrs in the ISS auditorium (Aula B) of the ISS, Kortenaerkade 12, The Hague. The doors will be closed after the start of the Public Defence, but will be briefly opened after the candidate’s introduction to allow latecomers to enter.

Children under 7 years old are not allowed in the Aula during the first part of the ceremony.

The ceremony will be followed by a reception in the Atrium of the ISS.

Professors are invited to join the academic procession.

Related links
ISS PhD programme
ISS' Gaza-Israel file

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