Cultural Economics and Entrepreneurship
CEE student on campus

The master specialisation Cultural Economics and Entrepreneurship will be ideal for two types of students:

  1. students who are driven by an academic curiosity about the arts, cultural industries or economics;
  2. students who want to develop original and well-founded ideas about how to produce, sustain and disseminate culture.

We usually welcome 50 to 65 students into our program from around 200 applications. Students are accepted on the basis of previous academic achievements and a well-documented interest in the cultural sector. You will study alongside other students who have extensive professional experience in the field.

  1. At least a bachelor's degree from a recognised Dutch university programme with a good overall result, or an equivalent qualification from an international institution.
  2. Some training in economics at university level, combined with a sustained interest in arts and culture documented in academic studies and/or vocational experience.
  3. Well-documented interest in the cultural sector, as indicated by courses taken or practical experience.
  4. Academic training in empirical research methods.

Students who have not yet obtained their degree may already apply if they expect to graduate before starting with this specialisation.

  1.  You meet the English proficiency requirement if:
  • you have a Dutch ‘vwo’ grade of 7 or higher in English;
  • you hold an International Baccalaureate diploma including English Standard Level (A) or English Higher Level (A or B);
  • you hold a European Baccalaureate diploma including English as 1st or 2nd language;
  • you obtained at least 2,5 years of English language secondary education in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South-Africa, The USA, the UK or Ireland.


  1. If you do not meet one of the above requirements, you may demonstrate proof of proficiency in English through any of the following tests:
  • IELTS Academic (International English language Testing System) with a minimum score of 7.0 overall. All sub scores should at least be 6.5.
  • TOEFL iBT (Test of English as a Foreign Language) with a minimum score of 100. All sub scores should at least be 23.
  • ITP-TOEFL (Institutional Testing Programme) offered by the Language & Training Centre at the EUR, or any other Dutch University. Minimum requirement: 627.
  • Cambridge C1 Advanced or Cambridge C2 Proficiency with a minimum score of at least 185.


  1. Deadlines for submitting proof of English proficiency:
  • non-EEA applicants: before 1 May
  • EEA applicants: before 1 August

Please take the test well in time to meet the deadline. Allow some time to re-take the test, if necessary!

English tests must not be older than two years at the time of application. If you have not yet taken a test, we recommend IELTS or TOEFL.


  1. English tests must not be older than two years at the time of application. If you have not yet taken a test, we recommend IELTS or TOEFL.
  2. For graduates of recognised academic programmes taught entirely in English, the obligation to take a language test may be dropped after considering their academic performance.
  3. Applicants with a Dutch academic bachelor diploma, who do not yet meet the English language requirements are recommended to take an English language test to demonstrate their command of the language. We would like to point out that having a solid command of the English language will greatly benefit the applicant’s study success. We expect students contribute to our lectures and group discussions, as well as being able to speak, read and write in English. An insufficient command of the English language will affect their study success negatively. Students to whom this applies, are eligible for a refund under the following conditions:
    1. Students are to take the ITP-TOEFL at EUR’s Language and Training Center;
    2. Test should be taken anywhere between October 2020-August 2021;
    3. A full refund will only be granted if the student completes the enrolment for the programme for which (s)he has taken the test;
    4. Students shall inform the Admissions Coordinator about the planned test date;
    5. Students are eligible for one refund;
    6. Students who have finalised their enrolment and have started with the programme will be informed on how to get the refund in September.

The following criteria will also be taken into account during the admission process:

  • connection between your previous studies and the Cultural Economics and Entrepreneurship specialisation,
  • GPA (average grade bachelor),
  • a clear and relevant letter of motivation, explaining why you want to participate in this programme,
  • international background and orientation,
  • academic writing and analytical skills.

The assessment will be based upon your motivation letter, bachelor list of grades, curriculum vitae and a (previously written) paper.

Promising candidates who do not meet all entry requirements, can apply for the one-year pre-master's programme.

If you will complete the pre-master Cultural Economics and Entrepreneurship before 1 September, please consult this page to learn more about the application procedure for the subsequent Master’s degree specialisation.

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