PhD defence W. (Wei) Liu

Work-Related Flow and Performance: A Self-Determination Perspective
Prof.dr. A. B. Bakker
Prof.dr. D. van der Linden
Wednesday 30 Nov 2022, 10:30 - 12:00
PhD defence
Senate Hall
Erasmus Building
Campus Woudestein
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W. Liu will defend his PhD dissertation on Wednesday 30 November 2022, entitled: ’Work-Related Flow and Performance: A Self-Determination Perspective‘.


Flow at work is an optimal state that greatly improves employee well-being and job performance. However, little is known about how flow functions at a within-person level, especially at an episodic level (e.g., from moment to moment). The overarching aims of the current dissertation were to: (1) examine whether strengths use and playful work design would be associated with work-related flow at the within-person level; (2) test a theoretically relevant range of subjective and objective performance outcomes (risk-taking behavior, attentional performance, and creative performance) during episodes immediately following flow; (3) investigate for whom flow is more likely to occur. By conducting a meta-analysis and a series of empirical studies using the experience sampling method, we investigated the episodic and daily relationships between flow and its antecedents as well as outcomes. We found that employees could use self-determination strategies such as strengths use and playful work design to facilitate their flow experiences. At the same time, people need to be aware of that flow may have both favorable (e.g., creativity) and unfavorable effects (e.g., risk-taking behavior, worse attention) for the subsequent performance. The current study suggests that people had better rest and recover after a focused work period.

More information

The public defence will begin exactly at 10.30 hrs. The doors will be closed once the public defence starts, latecomers may be able to watch on the screen outside. There is no possibility of entrance during the first part of the ceremony. Due to the solemn nature of the ceremony, we recommend that you do not take children under the age of 6 to the first part of the ceremony.

A live stream link has been provided to the candidate.

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