European Network Law and Literature
The European Network for Law and Literature Scholarship has been founded as a vehicle for increasing communication and cooperation between individuals working on related topics within Europe. Founded by a judge and law professor working in the Netherlands and a literary scholar in Germany, this network aims to embrace the variety of disciplines and languages its participants work in as potential sources of scholarly richness and innovation.
About the network
It is our belief that work on Law and Literature in Europe can develop a profile that more clearly reflects and articulates the cultural identities and legal backgrounds of its participants. Specific goals of this network are to
- Promote Law and Literature within the European context and to increase communication between scholars
- To reflect on and thematize possible differences between European Law and Literature work and that of Anglo-American scholars (such differences might include different foci due to backgrounds in adversarial or inquisitorial law systems and related legal cultures)
- To meet to exchange ideas, work, and viewpoints
- To use this platform as a forum for discussion
- To encourage comparative work as well as research on non-canonical texts and genres
We invite you to make this network a platform for announcements about Law and Literature activities and to use it as a place to introduce your ideas. Networks of Law and Literature scholars already exist in the Scandinavian countries, in Italy, France, and Britain. We wish not to compete with these groups but to add to them by placing an emphasis on transnational and cross-linguistic scholarly efforts. The Network is an initiative of Jeanne Gaakeer, professor at the Erasmus University Rotterdam, and Greta Olson, professor at the Justus-Liebig Universität Giessen. If you would like to know more about the European Network for Law and Literature, please get in touch with Jeanne Gaakeer or Greta Olson.
A Dialogue on Law and Literature
Since 2005, Jeanne Gaakeer and Greta Olson have been in a dialogue about the futures, prospects, and limits of Law and Literature. Our mutual interest in encouraging Law and Literature scholarship in Europe led us to found the European Network for Law and Literature Research in 2007.
Jeanne, a professor of legal theory at the Erasmus School of Rotterdam and a judge on the Appellate Court in The Hague (criminal law section), approaches the subject from the perspective of a legal practitioner who would like to see the study of law and literature integrated into judges' training, whereas Greta, a professor of English and American Literary and Cultural Studies at the University of Giessen in Germany, approaches Law and Literature from the framework of critical theory and historiography.
Greta published a comparative study on Law and Literature scholarship in the United States, the UK, and Germany in 2010 (“De-Americanizing Law and Literature Narratives,” Law & Literature 22.1), and Jeanne responded to this article in her 2012 essay for Helle Porsdam and Thomas Elholm's edited volume, Dialogues on Justice: European Perspectives on Law and Humanities (Law and Literature Series, Berlin and New York: De Gruyter). In the same volume, Greta was given the opportunity to respond to some of the criticisms of and feedback on the 2010 essay she had been given, including that of Jeanne.
Call for Papers
Call For Papers: ‘Literature, Law and Psychoanalysis, 1890-1950’, University of Sheffield, 11-13 April, 2019.
Katherine Ebury is Senior Lecturer in Modern Literature at the University of Sheffield. Her research interests include life-writing, modernism, psychoanalysis and law and literature. Her first monograph, Modernism and Cosmology, appeared in 2014, and she is the co-editor of Joyce’s Non-Fiction Writings: Outside His Jurisfiction (Palgrave, 2018). Her articles have appeared in journals such as Irish Studies Review, Joyce Studies Annual and Society and Animals. She has just commenced an AHRC-funded project on the death penalty, literature and psychoanalysis from 1900-1950, which is running from 2018-2020.
Confirmed Keynote Speakers
Ravit Reichman is Associate Professor of English at Brown University, where she works at the intersection of literature, law, and psychoanalysis. Her first book, The Affective Life of Law: Legal Modernism and the Literary Imagination (Stanford, 2009) examines law and literature in the context of the world wars. She is currently working on a study of property’s cultural and psychological life, Lost Properties of the Twentieth Century, which offers a genealogy of the propertied imagination, beginning with more conventional notions of property and ending in ideas of property restitution as a vehicle for justice. Her articles on affect and law, colonial jurisprudence, capital punishment, and counterfactual life, as well as on writers like Albert Camus, Virginia Woolf, and James Joyce, have been published in a range of journals and volumes. She has been a Fulbright Scholar, a Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, and a Howard Foundation Fellow.
Lizzie Seal is Reader in Criminology at University of Sussex. Her monograph Capital Punishment in Twentieth-Century Britain: Audience, Justice, Memory is a cultural history of the death penalty focusing on its place in everyday life. It explores topics including capital punishment as entertainment, popular abolitionist campaigns, the impact and significance of high profile miscarriages of justice and their significance in the post-abolition era and argues capital punishment had a contested and ambivalent place in British culture. Her current project, ‘Race, Racialisation and the Death Penalty in England and Wales, 1900-65’ is funded by the Leverhulme Trust (RPG-2016-352). This is interdisciplinary and draws on both history and criminology to explore the overrepresentation of Black and other minority ethnic (BME) people among those executed in twentieth-century England and Wales. Through examining all cases of BME people sentenced to death, we examine how prosecutions for murder were in practice made racist through analysing the significance of racist stereotypes and racialised interpretations of defendants’ behaviour. In addition to highlighting racism in the criminal justice system, we research the everyday lives of BME people sentenced to death in the twentieth century. Lizzie is the author of Women, Murder and Femininity: Gender Representations of Women Who Kill (Palgrave, 2010) and, with Maggie O’Neill, Transgressive Imaginations: Crime, Deviance and Culture (Palgrave, 2012), as well as several journal articles.
Victoria Stewart is Reader in Modern and Contemporary Literature at the University of Leicester. She has published widely on twentieth and twenty-first century writing and has a particular interest in the representation of the Second World War, including the Holocaust, in both fiction and autobiography. Her book Women’s Autobiography: War and Trauma (Palgrave, 2003) considered the work of writers including Vera Brittain, Virginia Woolf and Anne Frank from the perspective of trauma theory. Narratives of Memory: British Writing of the 1940s (Palgrave, 2006) examined a range of novels and short fiction from this decade, focusing in particular on their depiction of the processes of memory. The Second World War in Contemporary British Fiction: Secret Histories (Edinburgh University Press, 2011) explored the use of secrecy as both a trope and a narrative device in recent fictional treatments of the war. Her latest book, Crime Writing in Interwar Britain: Fact and Fiction in the Golden Age (Cambridge University Press, 2017), examines the relationship between true-crime narratives and detective fiction in the mid-twentieth century. Victoria's new project, ‘Crimes and War Crimes’, considers the effect of existing discourse about crime and criminality on the representation and understanding of war crimes in 1940s and 1950s Britain.
Call For Papers
The twentieth-century was a period of worldwide literary experiment, of scientific developments and of worldwide conflict. These changes demanded a rethinking not merely of psychological subjectivity, but also of what it meant to be subject to the law and to punishment. This two-day conference aims to explore relationships between literature, law and psychoanalysis during the period 1890-1950, allowing productive mixing of canonical and popular literature and also encouraging interdisciplinary conversations between different fields of study.
The period examined by the conference included: developments in Freudian psychoanalysis and its branching in other directions; the founding of criminology; continuing campaigns and reforms around the death penalty; landmark modernist publications; the ‘Golden Age’ of detective fiction; and multiple sensational trials (Wilde, Crippen, Casement, Leopold and Loeb, to name but a few). Freud’s followers, like Theodor Reik and Hans Sachs, would publish work on criminal law and the death penalty; psychoanalysts were sought after as expert witnesses; novelists like Elizabeth Bowen would serve on a Royal Commission investigating capital punishment; while Gladys Mitchell invented the character of Beatrice Adela Lestrange Bradley as a literary detective-psychoanalyst.
We therefore hope to consider areas including literature’s connection with historical debates around crime and punishment; literature and authors on trial and/or on the ‘psychiatrist's couch’; and literature’s effect on debates about human rights. The event is linked to and partly supported by an AHRC project on literature, psychoanalysis and the death penalty, but the aim of this conference is much wider. Interdisciplinary approaches, especially from fields such as psychoanalysis, philosophy, law or the visual arts, are particularly encouraged. We also welcome papers on international legal systems and texts. All responses are welcome and the scope of our interdisciplinary interests is flexible, with room in the planned programme for strands of work that might be more or less literary.
Possible topics might include:
- psychoanalysis in the real or literary courtroom;
- literary form and the insanity defence;
- canonical authors as readers of crime fiction and vice versa;
- censorship cases;
- the influence of famous legal cases on literary productions or on psychoanalytic theory;
- influences of criminology and criminal psychology on literature;
- representations of new execution methods (for example, the gas chamber and the electric chair);
- portrayals of restorative versus retributive justice;
- literary responses to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
- relationships between modernism and Critical Legal Studies (CLS).
Please send 250 word paper proposals or 300 word proposals for fully formed panels to email@example.com by 28th November 2018.
Narratives in the Criminal Process
The international conference «Narratives in the Criminal Process» will be held in Bergen, Norway on 30 November – 1 December 2018. The conference is organized by the research project «A Narratology of Criminal Cases», situated at the University of Bergen and funded by the Norwegian Research Council’s SAMKUL program.
The theme of the conference will be narratives in criminal law and the criminal process. The theme is inspired by Peter Brooks’ claim that «law needs a narratology» and the realization that narratives are still a theoretically underdeveloped aspect of legal processes. Central questions are: What kinds of narratives are operative in the criminal process? What is the significance of narratives in the legal process? What kinds of narratives are most effective in the court room? How do narratives influence the decision making process of judges and jurors? What characterizes the court’s own narratives in judgements and judicial opinions? How do narratives shape press reports about criminal cases?
We welcome contributions on narrative aspects of the criminal process in all its stages: from the police investigation to the final judgement. The subject may be approached from a variety of perspectives, including that of law, literary and cultural studies, linguistics, psychology, criminology, anthropology, feminist studies or other approaches.
Key note speakers are Jeanne Gaakeer (Rotterdam) and Matías Martínez (Wuppertal).
All papers should be planned for a maximum of 20 minutes in presentation length. Abstracts should be no more than 300 words long and include a brief 1-page CV. The deadline for submitting abstracts is 1 June 2018.
In connection with the conference we will organize a public debate at Litteraturhuset i Bergen (House of Literature in Bergen) on 29 November at 7 pm where a panel of invited speakers will discuss the significance of narratives for criminal law.
Your abstract should include the following information at the top of the page:
- Institutional Affiliation, if any
- Audio-visual requirements, if any
Please submit your abstract with the subject line «Narratives in the Criminal Process 2018» to: firstname.lastname@example.org. More information about our project is available on our website: http://www.uib.no/en/project/narratology. Please do not hesitate to ask if you have any questions or concerns: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
All the best,
Frode Helmich Pedersen
Law and Literature Bibliography Greta Olson & Jeanne Gaakeer:
- Olson, Greta (2012). Reprint of “De-Americanizing Law and Literature Narratives” (With an Expanded Ending). Ed. Helle Porsdam and Thomas Elholm. Dialogues on Justice: European Perspectives on Law and Humanities. Law and Literature Series. Berlin and New York: De Gruyter. 15-43.
- Gaakeer, Jeanne (2012). European Law and Literature: Forever Young. The Nomad Concurs. Ed. Helle Porsdam and Thomas Elholm. Dialogues on Justice: European Perspectives on Law and Humanities. Law and Literature Series. Berlin and New York: De Gruyter. 44-72.
Recent developments in Law and Literature research: the bibliography expanded:
- Cheesman, Tom, ed. (2013). German Text Crimes: Writers Accused, from the 1950s to the 2000s.
Digitales Fundheft "Literatur und Recht", Edition 2011 Lorenz Franck
European Network for Law and Literature
Erasmus University Rotterdam
att. to: Professor Jeanne Gaakeer, room W-L-6-121
PO Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Professor Greta Olson
Institut für Anglistik
Otto-Behagel-Straße 10 B