Karim Knio (PhD University of Birmingham UK) is Associate Professor in International Political Economy and Governance at the International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam. He is currently the Chair of the ISS research group Governance, Law and Social Justice and was the Associate Managing Editor of European Political Science Review (EPSR). His research focuses on the intersection between international political economy, governance and public policy with a particular interest in the literatures on varieties of capitalism, variegated neoliberalism, institutional analysis, politics of crisis management, EU Neighbourhood Policies and Lebanese politics. He is the author of The European Union’s Mediterranean Policy: Model or Muddle? A New Institutionalist Perspective (Palgrave Macmillan 2013), and *The South China Sea and Asian Regionalism: A Critical Realist perspective-*with Thanhdam Truong (Springer 2016). His recent co-edited book (2019) with Bob Jessop entitled, ‘The Pedagogy of Economic, Political and Social Crises: Dynamics, Construals, and Lessons’ is published by Routledge.
He is the academic coordinator of the Erasmus Mundus Master’s program in Public Policy (Mundus MAPP) at the Institute of Social Studies, where he teaches the following courses:
Contemporary Capitalism and Governance: Neoliberalism and Beyond (ISS 4212)
Thinking about Governance and Institutions (ISS ).
Politics of Global Development: Debating Liberal Internationalism (ISS 4307).
Power, Politics and Development (ISS 1104)
His research interests and publication record can be traced along four overlapping tracks:
Track 1 – Governance and Institutional Analysis in the Euro-Mediterranean Area
The first track was a direct spill over from his PhD years and project. It focused on the political economy of EU-Mediterranean relations (the Barcelona process and European Neighbourhood Policy) and general topics in Middle Eastern and Lebanese politics. His book on the EU-Med relations (The EU Mediterranean Policy: Model or Muddle? A New Institutionalism Perspective, by Palgrave Macmillan 2013); his article on the rise and fall of the Euro-Mediterranean Development Bank (‘Investigating the two faces of Governance: the case of the Euro-Mediterranean Development Bank’ in Third World Quarterly 2010); and his book chapter on the transformation of Hizballah in Lebanese politics (‘Conceptualising Hizbollah's Transformation in Lebanon’s Post-Cedar Revolution: Proxy Client or Structural Path Dependency?’ in M. Salih (ed) Interpreting Islamic Political Parties, by Palgrave Macmillan 2009) constitute a sample of key publications which reflect the content of this track. Recently, his interests within this track includes gas extraction in the Euro-Mediterranean area.
Track 2 - Political Economy of Crisis, Learning and Institutions
The second track is more focused on the political economy of crises. More specifically, it highlights the implications and prospects of analysing dynamics of different types of crises from a variety of alternative theoretical standpoints. His co-authored book with Thanhdam Truong on the South China crisis (The South China Sea and Asian Regionalism: A Critical Realist perspective, published by Springer 2016); his article on Hezbollah’s crisis of identity after the Syrian revolution against the Assad regime (‘Structure, Agency and Hezbollah: A Morphogenetic View’, in *Third World Quarterly *2010); and his book chapter on the role of EU financial supervision experts amidst the financial crisis of 2008 (‘Role of Experts and Financial Supervision in the EU: The de Larosière Report’, in M. Ambrus, K. Arts, E. Hey, and H. Raulus (eds) The Role of ‘Experts’ in International Decision-making: Advisors, Decision-makers or Irrelevant? (Cambridge, 2014) constitute a sample of key publications which reflect the content of this track.
Track 3 – Politics of Social Ontology
The third track builds upon the previous two by making the link between the political economy of crises and the politics of social ontology more explicit. Key to these links are the deepened and recurrent manifestation of (variegated) neoliberalization processes within the Euro-Mediterranean context. His recent co-edited book with Bob Jessop on the nexus between crises and learning (The Pedagogy of Economic, Political and Social Crises: Dynamics, Construals and Lessons, published by Routledge in 2019); his book chapter on the variegated neoliberalization nature of Euro-Med policies (Minding Development gaps in Euro-Mediterranean Policies: A Vareigated Neo Liberalization Thesis?- published in the handbook of Mediterranean Politics, Routledge in 2017); and his article on the differences between variegated neoliberalization processes in Egypt and Morocco (Diffusion of Variegated Neo liberalization processes in Euro-Mediterranean Policies: A Strategic Relational Approach, in Globalizations in 2019) speak to these research interests. A more explicit focus on social ontology can be seen in his two recent articles in the Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour:The Morphogenetic Approach and Immanent Causality: A Spinozian Perspective (2018) and Critical Realist Encounters: Morphogenizing the French Régulation Approach’ (2020). He is currently working on a manuscript that studies the intersection between political economy and social ontology.
Track 4 - Political Economy of Crisis, Complexity and Causality
The fourth track combines all the previous streams and focuses on the political economy of crisis, complexity, and causality. Along this track, he organized a workshop in the Fall of 2019 entitled Critical Causality Between Complexity and Complex Systems. Building upon the collaboration during the workshop, he is coordinating a small conference called Realist Complexity Between Causal and Complex Systems from 7 – 9 April 2021 at ISS. The papers presented during the conference will appear in a special issue of the Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour.
He is interested in supervising PhD candidates working on institutional analyses, varieties of capitalism(s), the political economy of crisis and learning, neoliberalization processes, politics of social ontology, Euro-Mediterranean and Middle Eastern politics.
Sara Salem (2016)
The old is dying and the new is not yet born. The 2011 Egyptian revolution: labour, capital, time'
Juan David Parra (2018)
Critical realism and the persistence of poor school performance in northern Colombia: the difference it makes
Sonia Lopez (2020) - Cum Laude
The Stratified Emergentist Polanyian Perspective: A Relational Approach for the Study of the Economy'.
Aleksandra Piletic (2020) – Cum Laude
Varieties of Urban Capitalism: A Multiscalar Analysis of Neoliberal Restructuring in and through New York City, Johannesburg and Stockholm
‘EU-Ukraine foreign relations and the construction of neo-Gramscian common sense’
‘National Palestinian development plans and variegated neoliberal processes’.
‘Labor precarity and industrial and labor transformation in newly industrialized zones in China using the French Regulation and Morphogenetic Approach’
M.K.A. Kniou (2008). Is Political Stability Sustainable in Post Cedar Revolution Lebanon? Mediterranean Politics, 13 (3), 445-451.
M.K.A. Kniou (2006). Theorising the state of affairs in the Lebanese state: Is Lebanon a Failed State? Development ISSues, 8 (2), 3.
M.K.A. Kniou (2005). Lebanon: Cedar Revolution or Neo Sectarian partition?¿. Mediterranean Politics, 10 (2), 225-231.
T. Truong & M.K.A. Kniou (2016). The South China Sea and Asian Regionalism. A Critical Realist Perspective (SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace, 24). Cham (Switzerland): Springer doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-13551-9
M.K.A. Kniou (2013). The European Union's Mediterranean Policy: Model or Muddle? A New Institutionalist Perspective. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
M.K.A. Kniou (2017). Minding development gaps in EU Mediterranean policies: a variegated neoliberalization thesis? In R. Gillespie & F. Volpi (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Mediterranean Politics (pp. 255-267). Abingdon: Routledge
M.K.A. Kniou (2014). Structure, Agency and the Hizballah Dilemma in the Arab Spring. In B. Ezbidi & A. Knudsen (Eds.), Popular Protest in The New Middle East: Islamism and Post-Islamist Politics (Library of Modern Middle East Studies, 147) (pp. 140-163). London; New York: I.B.Tauris
M.K.A. Kniou (2014). Role of Experts and Financial Supervision in the EU: The de Larosière Commission. In M. Ambrus, K. Arts, E. Hey & H. Raulus (Eds.), The Role of ‘Experts’ in International and European Decision-Making Processes: Advisors, Decision Makers or Irrelevant Actors? (pp. 341-360) Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press
M.K.A. Kniou (2013). Investigating the two faces of governance: the case of the Euro-Mediterranean Development Bank. In W. Hout (Ed.), EU Strategies on Governance Reform: Between Development and State-Building (ThirdWorlds) (pp. 105-120). London: Routledge
M.K.A. Kniou (2013). Investigating the Two Faces of Governance: the case of the Euro-Mediterranean Development Bank. In W. Hout (Ed.), EU Strategies on Governance Reform: Between Development and State-building (ThirdWorlds) (pp. 105-120). Routledge
A. Sharma & M.K.A. Kniou (2011). Financial Globalization and the Mechanisms of Migrants¿ Remittance: Formed by Supply or Demand? In T-D Truong & D Gasper (Eds.), Transnational Migration and Human Security: the Migration-Development-Security Nexus (Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace, 6) (pp. 103-116). Springer
M.K.A. Kniou (2009). Conceptualising Hizbollah's Transformation in Lebanon's Post- Cedar Revolution Lebanon: Proxy Client or Structural Path Dependency? In M.A.M. Salih (Ed.), Interpreting Islamic Political Parties (pp. 259-268). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan
M.K.A. Kniou (2009). Governance, Politics and the European Mediterranean Partnership (EMP): Problems of Implementation or Policy Design? In W. Hout & R. Robinson (Eds.), Governance and the Depoliticisation of Development (Routledge/GARNET series: Europe in the world, 4) (pp. 77-91). London: Routledge
M.K.A. Kniou (2007). Book Review Poverty and Social Deprivation in the Mediterranean (Petmesidou, M and Paptheodorou, C eds (2006) London: CROP). Mediterranean Politics, 12(3), pp 437-454 [Bespreking van het boek Book Review Poverty and Social Deprivation in the Mediterranean (Petmesidou, M and Paptheodorou, C eds (2006) London: CROP). Mediterranean Politics, 12(3), pp 437-454.]. Mediterranean Politics, 12, 437-454.
M.K.A. Kniou (2010). Investigating the two faces of Governance: The case of the Euro-Mediterranean Development Bank. Annual Convention: New Orleans (2010, februari 17 - 2010, februari 20).
M.K.A. Kniou & W. Maas (2009). Does Europeanisation undermine the Right to Seek Refugee Status? The Case of Frontex. Annual Convention: New York (2009, februari 15 - 2009, februari 18).
M.K.A. Kniou, K. Ryner & S. Hurt (2008). Neoliberalism and the Politics of Resistance: The Case of the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership in Tunisia. Annual Convention: San Francisco (2008, maart 26 - 2008, maart 29).
M.K.A. Kniou (2008). Post Washington Consensus at the Cross Road: How Socially Sensitive is the EU policy in the Mediterranean? Annual Convention: San Francisco (2008, maart 26 - 2008, maart 29).
M.K.A. Kniou (2008). Interrogating Neo liberalism: Policies, Theories and Dilemmas.
M.K.A. Kniou & A. de Vries (2008). Leiden Economische Hervormingen tot meer Democratie?
M.K.A. Kniou (2008). Politics of Governance in the Euro-Mediterranean region: Liberalisation of Services without Financialisation. GARNET Workshop on The European Union, Governance and Development Policies: (2008, november 26).
M.K.A. Kniou (2007). Macroeconomic management and the European Mediterranean Partnership (EMP): Is it Time for Discretionary Fiscal and Monetary Policies ( Paper presented at 48th Annual International Studies Association (ISA) Convention, held in Chicago between February 28th-March 3rd, 2007).
M.K.A. Kniou (2007). Can Hezbollah join the 'Cedar Revolution?': An Analysis from a Nested Games Perspective. Seminar April 19th 2007: Institute of Social Studies.
M.K.A. Kniou (2007). Can Hezbollah join the 'Cedar Revolution?': An Analysis from a Nested Games Perspective. British International Studies Association (BISA) workshop, Europe's Legacy? From Colonialism to Democracy Promotion. The Case of the Mediterranean: .
M.K.A. Kniou (2007). Governance and its adjectives: What are they and who defines them?
M.K.A. Kniou (2007). A Critical Review of Democratisation Processes Today: From `Transitology¿ to `Consolitology¿ or Vice Versa?
M.K.A. Kniou (2006). Good Governance and Failing States (Paper presented at the Public Address in Derde Kamer Stadhuis, The Hague, 8 June 2006).
M.K.A. Kniou (2006). Macroeconomic management in the Arab Mediterranean region: Crisis of Economic Lliberalism? (Paper presented at the GARNET Conference on Governance, ISS, The Hague, 6-7 April 2006).