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The solution of the Multi-Depot Vehicle Scheduling Problem (MDVSP) can often be improved substantially by incorporating Trip Shifting (TS) as a model feature. By allowing departure times to deviate a few minutes from the original timetable, new combinations of trips may be carried out by the same vehicle, thus leading to more efficient scheduling.
However, explicit modeling of each potential trip shift quickly causes the problem to get prohibitively large for current solvers, such that researchers and practitioners were obligated to resort to heuristic methods to solve large instances. In this paper, we develop a Dynamic Discretisation Discovery algorithm that guarantees an optimal continuous-time solution to the MDVSP-TS without explicit consideration of all trip shifts.
It does so by iteratively solving and refining the problem on a partially time-expanded network until the solution can be converted to a feasible vehicle schedule on the fully time-expanded network. Computational results demonstrate that this algorithm outperforms the explicit modeling approach by a wide margin and is able to solve the MDVSP-TS even when many departure time deviations are considered.
About Rolf van Lieshout
Rolf van Lieshout is an assistant professor in the department of Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences at Eindhoven University of Technology.
In his research, Rolf applies advanced analytical techniques to improve decision-making in transportation and logistics, with a focus on public transport.
Within this field, he is interested in a wide range of problems, from strategic planning to real-time rescheduling, which he approaches both from practical and theoretical angles.