Vivian Visser is a PhD candidate at the department of Public Administration and Sociology. Of the Erasmus University Rotterdam. Her research focuses on how public authorities ‘create space’ for citizen initiatives, especially in the spatial domain. She concentrates on the changing relation between governments and citizens, and the inherent power structures that affect this relation. She is also involved as researcher and advisor in the valorization center GovernEUR, on themes related to participative planning, citizen participation and citizen initiatives. In her research, she uses both qualitative (interviews, document analysis, participatory observations) and quantitative (survey experiments) methods.