Enrico Pennings is a professor at the Department of Applied Economics, the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE). Professor Pennings has been a fellow of the Tinbergen research school since 2005 and a member of ERIM since 2006. Before joining the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) he was an assistant professor at IGIER-Bocconi University in Milan and at the University Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona. He is former IGIER fellow. Professor Pennings obtained his PhD in 1998 Cum Laude from the Erasmus University Rotterdam with a thesis entitled Real Options and Managerial Decision Making.