16 November 2017 - Oddvar Martin Kaarbøe
Can we tax our way to more equitable tobacco use? Evidence from Canada
Speaker(s): Oddvar Martin Kaarbøe
Date: Thursday, 16 November 2017
Venue: room J7-55
Contact person(s): Arthur Attema
In recent years, governments in the Nordic countries have opened up the health care market for private for-profit providers. These are markets where prices are regulated and competition is on location and quality. It is believed that (contestable) competition will bring forward higher quality of health care and more choice for patients. We show that increased competition, elicited by opening up a public hospital market for a private hospital, typically raises the quality provided, but that the private provider often will locate towards the corner of the market to avoid (costly) quality competition. When it comes to social welfare, the effect depends on how generous the regulator's budget is and on how altruistic the public provider is. If the budget is large so that a high level of quality can be implemented, we show that welfare is higher in duopoly than in monopoly whenever entry pays off. If the budget is small (or the public altruism is weak) and the market outcome is characterized by the providers providing the minimum quality level. In these cases, it can be optimal for the regulator not to use the full budget.