Met een Veni-beurs krijgen net gepromoveerde onderzoekers de kans om in drie jaar hun ideeën verder te ontwikkelen. Veni maakt, samen met Vidi en Vici, onderdeel uit van het NWO-Talentprogramma en is gericht op excellente onderzoekers die onlangs gepromoveerd zijn. De gepromoveerden ontvangen maximaal 250.000 euro. Zij doen onder andere onderzoek doen naar het toenemende aantal migranten die hun nieren verkopen, preventie van heupartrose en de onbezorgdheid over de groeiende kloof tussen arm en rijk.
Veni beurzen in 2020
Veni-beurzen in voorgaande jaren
Overzicht van de negen wetenschappers die in 2019 de Veni-beurs hebben gewonnen:
More and more people are living in cities. To accommodate everyone, people are living closer to each other. How healthy is that? With the help of residents and innovative methods, the research identifies the impact of recent urbanisation in the Randstad in the Netherlands on mental health.
For service providers such as ambulance services and roadside assistance, the service involves bringing the right assistance to a location as quickly as possible. Van den Berg is developing models to improve this service provision through improved distribution and allocation of vehicles across the region.
Prostate and breast cancer can be visualised and treated with focused radioactive molecules. The result of this can be influenced by previous treatments. Dalm’s research shows the influence of previous treatments and helps to determine when and in whom radioactive molecules can best be used.
The quest for gender equality appears to be more difficult than at first thought, partly because of the hidden nature of stereotyping. Li uses behavioural-economic techniques to combat stereotyping. She will be introducing a new measure of stereotyping and the welfare costs of stereotyping, will identify the causes of stereotyping and introduce new techniques to reduce stereotyping.
Optimisation at times of uncertainty, such as schedules for public transport providers or protection from floods, comprise successive decision-making and information inflow. Solutions need to achieve high performance levels, and decisions need to be adapted according to the latest information. Postek’s goal is robust optimisation combined with machine learning.
Some people with a psychological disorder receive insufficient care, while others receive too much care. Ravesteijn’s research used the introduction of the Personal Contribution as a natural experiment. Using statistical methods, he is researching the extent to which personal payments can result in optimum access to mental healthcare.
Overzicht van de acht wetenschappers die in 2018 de Veni-beurs hebben gewonnen:
Translating ‘big data’ into clinical improvement of neurodegenerative diseases
‘Big data’ has provided us with new insights into the underlying mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Even so, patients are still receiving the same type of clinical care. Dr Hieab Adams seeks to use new statistical methods to use data sets providing information on cerebral imaging and genetics – MRI scans of the brain that consist of millions of measurement points, for example, or tens of millions of genome variations. The objective is to be able to more quickly translate study findings into clinical treatment methods.
How can we gain control over the dementia epidemic?
Dementia is a major public health issue and is well on its way to becoming the leading cause of death in our society. Although we are steadily increasing our knowledge of dementia, we have not yet determined the best approach to combating this disease. Dr Inge de Kok is developing an innovative microsimulation model that integrates our existing knowledge about the causes, development and course of dementia, as well as the effects of interventions. This increases our insight into the development of the disease and identifies which interventions are most effective when it comes to combating dementia.
The interaction between different brain areas in autism
Autism is a common neurodevelopmental disorder, characterised by social problems and repetitive behaviour. Disruptions in cerebellar development or functioning can cause autism. Dr Lieke Kros will be examining how the cerebellum affects other key brain regions. How does this interplay contribute to autism? She will be recording neuronal activity from several brain areas during autism-relevant activities like social interactions and cognitive flexibility tasks. Her aim is to help identify new treatment possibilities.
Personalised care for patients with a thyroid disease
Despite treatment, millions of patients with a thyroid disease worldwide are affected by debilitating residual symptoms. In addition, these patients are at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and mortality. This is due to the fact that it is currently impossible to predict the optimal thyroid values for individual patients. Dr Marco Medici wants to predict these values on the basis of – among other things – unique genetic markers and other individual patient characteristics. This project is expected to lead to personalised care for patients with a thyroid disease.
Customised or arbitrary care at the kitchen table?
The stakes are high at Dutch kitchen tables. So-called ‘kitchen table talks’ are being held in each municipality in the Netherlands. During these talks, citizens and professionals negotiate about care. Which care should still be provided by the government? And what can citizens do in a ‘participation society’? In her research, Dr Lieke Oldenhof will map out this new division of care responsibilities. The results will contribute to improved quality of decision-making in social district teams and theory development about values in the ‘participation society’.
Hands-on or hands-off? Human behaviour in modern operations management
Despite increased automation and robotisation, humans play an essential role in modern logistics. Also in the near future, human labour will remain pivotal in operations management. However, the influence of human behaviour in this domain is underestimated in both academia and practice. Through realistic experiments, Dr Jelle de Vries studies the impact of human behaviour and the collaboration between humans and robots on productivity, quality, and employee job satisfaction.
Food for thought: oxygen delivery to the brain
How does the physiology of the brain work? How can we measure this functioning as effectively and non-invasively as possible? These are the questions that specifically interest dr ir. Esther Warnert. She is developing and validating imaging techniques for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanners. This enables users to gain greater insight into, for example, cell division processes or oxygen delivery in the brain and to map out the effects of conditions like a stroke more effectively. This will result in improved treatment for patients.
Locomotion and cerebellar modules
In order for normal movement to be possible, neurons that are involved in its control must both function correctly and be organised correctly. The cerebellum is crucial to normal movement and is organised in a very precise manner. However, how this organisation is created during development and how it relates to ongoing locomotor behaviour, is not known. Dr Joshua James White will study the development of the locomotor circuitry. He will use classical genetic as well as optogenetic manipulations to better understand the role of cerebellar organisation in locomotion.
New brain connections
Identification, Isolation and Analysis of Single Cancer Stem Cells
Unravelling the brain’s internal sensory and motor models of standing
Extracting more information from high-frequency data: Looking for signs of direction through Realized Semicovariances
General psychopathology greater than the sum of its parts? Environmental and epigenetic risk from prenatal life to adolescence
Self-Control without the Self: The Numerical Aggregation System and Overconsumption
Fatal first impressions?
New imaging technique sees the heart attack before it happens