Vidi is een subsidie binnen de NWO Vernieuwingsimpuls. De Vidi-subsidievorm is gericht op onderzoekers die na hun promotie al een aantal jaren onderzoek op postdocniveau hebben verricht en daarbij vernieuwende ideeën genereren en succesvol zelfstandig werken. Zij mogen een eigen vernieuwende onderzoekslijn ontwikkelen en zelf een of meer onderzoekers aanstellen. Veel wetenschappers aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam verwierven al een Vidi-beurs. Zij bestuderen uiteenlopende onderwerpen als vaderschap in de 21e eeuw, raciale stereotypes in sportverslaggeving en de rol van eiwitten in de ontwikkeling van ons brein.
Vidi grants in 2018
Dr Andreas Alfons - Don’t let a few bad apples spoil the bunch
Modern technology and the internet makes data collection easier such that data sets are growing bigger, but also less reliable. Alfons will therefore develop new statistical methods for rating data that are not influenced by bad data points.
Dr Amanda Brandellero - Crafting future urban economies?
Cities across the world are looking for ways to make their economies more circular, and localised production is seen as key to this process. Brandellero will comparatively examines how making locally is articulated and valued, in order to understand its potential role in sustainable urban futures.
Dr Zhenyu Gao - Cerebro-cerebellar circuits for motor planning
Think before you act. An important feature of voluntary movements is that we can decide about an optimal strategy before execution. It is currently unclear how the brain determines an action plan that guides future movement. Gao will study how the cerebellum (little brain) helps by making a decision.
Dr Klazina Kooiman - The missing link in bubble therapy
Miniature gas bubbles have the potential to locally deliver high dosages of drugs for the treatment of cardiovascular disease and cancer which reduces side-effects. Kooiman will address the exact mechanisms between miniature gas bubbles, drugs, and diseased cells so we can bring this bubble therapy to patients.
Dr Qiuwei Pan - Drug repurposing for treating hepatitis E
Hepatitis E virus has emerged as a true global health issues, with particular threatens to pregnant women and organ transplantation patients. Pan aims to identify treatment from existing FDA-approved medications that are safe, cheap and effective to combat this disease in developing and developed counties.
Dr Jan Stoop - Measuring poverty with envelopes
Stoop will deepen the knowledge on poverty using novel field experiments requiring rich and poor households to return envelopes. The experiments mimic daily chores, and the impact of financial stress on their implementation. The results are important for future implementations of government policies
Vidi-beurzen in voorgaande jaren
Overzicht van de acht wetenschappers die in 2018 de Vidi-beurs hebben gewonnen:
Brain activity underlying stereotyped behaviours in autism spectrum disorder
Dr Aleksandra Badura aims to understand how cerebello-cortical brain activity translates into behaviours that adapt to ever-changing environments. She is particularly interested in uncovering the mechanisms of maladaptive perseverative behaviours characteristic of autism spectrum disorder. To this end, she employs a wide range of techniques, ranging from behavioural assays and ‘in vivo’ electrophysiology to virtual reality, calcium imaging and modelling.
Positively Shocking! The redistributive impact of mass mortality through epidemic diseases
Dr Daniel Curtis’ project tests a widely-supported notion that catastrophic shocks such as violent conflict and epidemic diseases were the only times throughout history when societies became more equal. Was this really so, and were there particular societal and epidemiological conditions that allowed the direction of redistribution to deviate from this pattern? In light of contemporary concerns about emerging infectious diseases, it is imperative we understand the capacity of epidemic diseases to shape socio-economic development. This is especially important when we consider the grossly inaccurate predictions of the economic impact of Ebola.
Curious cases of public opinion
Remarkably enough, citizens from opposite ends of the political spectrum often voice similar stances when it comes to the EU, the welfare state or development aid. Together with two PhD candidates, Dr Willem de Koster will be building on insights from cultural sociology and political science to understand such curious cases of public opinion. Do these exist because different social groups interpret the same issue differently? And does this also explain their respective reactions to public information campaigns? These questions are answered through a novel interdisciplinary mixed-methods approach.
The (none) making of a criminal
In his Vidi research, Olivier Marie examines three phases in an individual’s life during which crime can be prevented. In the first place, at birth, through the selection of individuals who decide to have children. Secondly, during the individual’s teenage years, by proposing novel interventions to prevent escalation. And thirdly, by assigning the right prisoner to the right prison to minimise peer effects. The main question that this research seeks to answer is: ‘During which phase is intervention most efficient to prevent a life of crime?’
Respiratory viruses unmasked: exploring their neurotropic potential
Respiratory viruses, and especially influenza A virus and enterovirus D68, can cause diseases of the central nervous system. However, the underlying mechanism of how this works is largely unknown. In her study, Dr Debby van Riel will unravel how respiratory viruses enter and cause damage to the nervous system and identify important viral factors. The results can be used to optimise diagnostics.
Racial stereotypes in football journalism. How does the audience respond?
Dr Jacco van Sterkenburg is researching the assignment of meaning to ethnicity and skin colour in the production process for televised football broadcasts. He will subsequently examine how this assignment of meaning is translated into media content and audience experiences. This study will be performed in four European countries: England, the Netherlands, Poland and Spain. This research is intended to yield new insights into the role played by football in discourses of ethnicity and skin colour and discourses of whiteness.
Perfusion of the cardiac muscle – QUANTO
Following acute treatment for myocardial infarction, the treatment does not result in full restoration of perfusion in the cardiac muscle in one-third of the patients. Dr ir. Rik Vos will be creating a new ultrasound system that will allow us to make ultra-high-speed images of the heart. We will then be able to view and analyse these images in slow motion. This allows us to accurately map perfusion during the procedure and even test various therapies to immediately restore perfusion.
CAMK2 and brain development: inseparably linked?
CAMK2 is one of the most extensively studied enzymes in the adult brain, but its role in neurodevelopment remains unknown. Research recently identified individuals with a neurodevelopment disorder characterised by Intellectual Disability caused by mutations in the CAMK2 genes – indicating that CAMK2 also plays an important role during neurodevelopment. Dr Geeske van Woerden will be investigating the role of CAMK2 in neuronal development and studying the downstream signalling pathways. These findings will provide new insights into and a better understanding of CAMK2’s influence on the etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders and will hopefully create openings for the development of therapies for CAMK2-related disorder patients.
Social welfare and dependency passed on from parents to children
ELectrical bIoMarkers guided Individualized Diagnosis And ThErapy of Atrial Fibrillation (ELIMINATE - AF)
Dads, dimes and quarters
Monitoring foetal hormones using the mother's blood
Advanced canced patients' control over their situation
Dutch culture wars?
The role of chronically altered metabolism and signalling of the stress hormone cortisol in the development of obesity and cardiometabolic diseases.